Chemical Peeling

In a chemical peel, a chemical solution is applied to the skin and allowed to soak in. Over the next 1 to 14 days, depending on how deeply the chemical penetrated the skin, the skin peels off. This procedure destroys parts of the skin in a controlled way so that new skin can grow in its place. The chemicals used are sometimes called exfoliating or wounding agents.


Indications: Why we do them ?

Superficial peels are used to improve the appearance of pigment changes in the skin, acne scars, mild sun damage, or fine wrinkles in all skin types. They can be done on the face and on other parts of the body. A superficial peel may also be used to prepare the skin for a deeper peel.Chemicals used are glycolic acid,lactic acid
Medium peels are used to treat mild to moderate wrinkles, long-term sun damage, pigment changes, and precancerous lesions of the skin (usually caused by sun exposure). Medium peels are used most often on the face.Chemicals used are salicylic acid,mandelic acid,trichloroacetic acid.

Deep peels are used to treat severe wrinkles, long-term sun damage, pronounced pigment changes, and lesions and growths on the skin. They are done only on the face. Deep peels are not done on darker skin types, because they bleach the skin.Chemicals used are phenol,Jessner’s peel.

Chemical peels are sometimes done with dermabrasion or laser resurfacing for a more dramatic overall effect.

Superficial Peel

  • Right before the peel, the skin is cleaned with acetone to degrease it..
  • The chemical is then applied to the skin with a small brush..
  • The chemical is left on the skin for 3 to 5 minutes,. Neutraliser is used to neutralize the acid and end the chemical reaction. You may feel a little burning while the chemical is on your skin.
  • An ice pack can help cool the skin and relieve any discomfort if any..

Superficial Peel

The technique used to do a medium peel is similar to that used for a superficial peel, but the chemical may be left on for a longer period of time. Medium peels are more painful than superficial peels, because the chemicals are stronger and they soak deeper into the skin.. Cool compresses and fans can be used to cool the stinging and burning caused by the chemical. The procedure takes about 10 minutes. There is little or no pain after the peel is finished.

Deep Peel

Deep peels take the most time and are the most painful type of chemical peel.The peels are more painful than superficial peels.

Post Peel

Recovery time after a chemical peel depends on what kind of peel was done and how deep it was. With all types of peels, proper care of the skin after the peel is very important to speed healing, help results last longer, prevent infection, and avoid color changes in the treated area caused by sun exposure.

Proper skin care after a peel is very similar to the care used to prepare for a peel and typically involves :

Cleansing the skin frequently with water and dabbing it with wet cloth..
Moisturiser ointment on the wound (for medium and deep peels).

Avoiding any sun exposure until peeling has stopped and sunscreen can be used. After peeling has stopped, sunscreen should be used every day. New skin is more susceptible to sun damage. Some doctors may also recommend using tretinoin cream nightly, usually starting 2 to 3 weeks after the peel.

Most people can return to their normal activities immediately. The skin heals quickly after a superficial peel. The skin may turn pink, and usually only minimal peeling occurs. You can use makeup to hide any redness until it fades.

There is little or no pain after the peel, but there may be some swelling, especially if the area around the eyes is treated. The skin will turn reddish brown in 2 to 3 days, become crusty, and then flake and peel over the next few days.

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